Mahavakyas is Sanskrit for “Great Sayings.” It refers to 4 quotations from the Upanishads that verify the reality of the self. These quotations are:
Tat Tvam Asi – “That thou art”
Aham Brahmasmi – “I am Brahman”
Ayam Atma Brahma – “This Self is Brahman”
Prajnanam Brahma – “consciousness is Brahman”
The four statements show that the individual (atman) is ultimately unified with Brahman (Supreme Being).
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